Agricultural water management in the context of climate change in Africa by African Climate Policy Centre

Cover of: Agricultural water management in the context of climate change in Africa | African Climate Policy Centre

Published by United Nations, Economic Commission for Africa, African Climate Policy Centre in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

Book details

SeriesWorking paper -- 9
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 32 p. :
Number of Pages32
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25394241M
LC Control Number2012311286

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Policy Brief 7: Agricultural Water Management in the Context of Climate Change in Africa Climate change is likely to intensify the current challenges of water scarcity and water competition within and between communities and nations, particularly in those countries linked by transboundary aquifers and rivers.

A changing climate is likely to have a drastic impact on crop yields in Africa. The purpose of this book is to document the effects of climate change on agriculture in Africa and to discuss strategies for adaptation to hotter weather and less predictable rainfall.

These strategies include promoting opportunities for farmers to adopt technologies that produce optimal results in terms of crop. awareness of food production challenges and climate change hazards in Africa, reforms need to be brought about to provide incentives in the agriculture sector, revitalizing productivity and attracting new investments.

This report addresses the challenges faced by users of agricultural water resources in Africa in the context of climate change. However, Africa has a large untapped irrigation potential, amounting to some 40m ha of irrigable land. In the context of climate change, better management of water for agri- culture can reduce the risk of production fail- ure, as well as agricultural expansion to mar- ginal areas.

In southern Africa, climate change is likely to affect nearly every aspect of human well-being, from agricultural productivity and energy use to flood control, municipal and industrial water supply. Water management for agriculture is becoming increasingly complex.

The challenges of climate change will have to be met through adaptation. Agriculture is an important sector in Europe providing employment opportunities to rural population, and supporting food security goals. However, agriculture requires water, an increasingly scarce resource.

How Climate Change Will Affect Water Supplies. Rural areas will be hit the hardest by climate change. Due to the heat and dryness of much of Africa, South Africa’s water supply is already at a disadvantage. Freshwater will be hit the hardest by increased rainfall and rising sea levels.

Article (b) All Parties shall “Cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change; develop and elaborate appropriate and integrated plans for coastal zone management, water resources and agriculture, and for the protection and rehabilitation of areas, particularly in Africa, affected by drought and desertification, as well as floods”.

Agriculture has always been deeply dependent on the weather, with farmers needing a steady mixture of sun, warmth, and rains in order to reliably produce the food that all of humanity depends on for survival.

Now, these once predictable growing cycles are at risk from climate change, and smallholders like Upendo are on the front lines.

In fact, “most of the climate change impacts come down to water,” says Upmanu Lall, director of the Columbia Water people talk about climate change affecting agricultural output, sea level rise, wildfires and extreme weather — “they’re all essentially a water story,” says Lall.

One of the challenges of the Ministry of Agriculture is the change brought by global warming. Climate change in different agro-ecological zones means that farmers have to deal with a new range of uncertainties (i.e. rainfall and seasonal distribution, change of growing seasons, unavailability of water, droughts, floods, etc.) in addition to their everyday burden.

4 CLIMATE CHANGE, AGRICULTURE, WATER, AND FOOD SECURITY: WHAT WE KNOW AND DON’T KNOW On May, the MIT Abdul Latif Jameel Water and Food Systems Lab (J-WAFS) held a two-day workshop titled: Climate Change, Agriculture, Water, and Food Security: What We Know and Don’t Know.

46 participants attended, coming mainly from North America and Europe. CLIMATE CHANGE I CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS, vULNERABILITy AND ADAPTATION IN ZIMBABWE i I IIED Climate Change Working Paper No. 3 Acronyms ACTS African Centre for Technological Studies AfDB African Development Bank CADS Cluster Agriculture and Development Service CBA Community-based Adaptation CBAA Community based Adaptation in Africa CGA Climate Governance in Africa.

Conservation agriculture (CA) is the integrated management of the available natural resources such as soil, water, flora, and fauna with partial outside inputs which increases the efficiency of.

A wide array of “on‐farm” agricultural management technologies and practices are available or development that could increase yields and decrease pollution and water use; for example reducing yield gaps (not as high in Asia as in Africa), reducing subsidies, change land use and crop types, improving irrigation efficiency, diversified and.

South Africa’s Climate Change Response strategy suggests that adaptation measures should include: Changes in agricultural management practices, such as a change in planting dates, row spacing. Improved Agricultural Water Management for Africa’s Drylands describes the extent to which agricultural water management interventions in dryland regions of Sub-Saharan Africa can enhance the resilience and improve the well-being of the people living in those regions, proposes what can realistically be done to promote improved agricultural.

Water, Energy and Food Nexus in the Context of Strategies for Climate Change Mitigation. Series: Climate Change Management. Leal Filho, Walter, de Andrade Guerra, José.

Figure 2. Impact of climate-induced water scarcity on GDP bywith current and effective water management scenarios¹⁰. Thus, climate change affects spatial and temporal variability in water availability, creating new and exacerbating current water security problems in. In Africa alone there are more than 33 million small-scale farming households (Nagayets, ) where the sustainable and productive management of water could contribute to transforming degraded soils and landscapes into healthy agroecosystems capable of enhancing food security, improving livelihoods, and increasing resilience to climate change and variability.

Additional topics of interest include interactions between agricultural water management and the environment (flooding, soil erosion, nutrient loss and depletion, non-point source pollution, water quality, desertification, and the potential implications of global climate change for agricultural water management), and the institutional and.

Water resource management in context of increasing demand and climate change Multipurpose urban forestry and greening Disaster and Risk Management Economic and social sustainability 6. Conclusions 7. Selected references. Box 2: The effects of climate change on Ghana and nations as a result of disasters.

Again, the development of a National Climate Change Adaptation Stragegy has been agreed on as a trigger under the Natural Resources and Environmental Governance Programme in Ghana.

Secondly, Ghana’s economy relies heavily on climate sensitive sectors mainly on. This chapter assesses the key global challenges to water availability and how increasing scarcity and competition for water resources are affecting agricultural productivity, especially that of smallholder producers in Asia and Africa.

It further analyzes emerging water management practices that can be sustainably adapted to the needs of. Africa is at a tipping point.

While efforts to achieve the goals outlined in the Agenda for Sustainable Development and Paris Agreement could drive positive changes following nearly a decade of economic growth across Africa, climate change threatens to derail these gains. The agricultural sector is one of the most vulnerable to climate change, and its negative effects (such as extreme weather events, increasing temperatures, declining availability of water and other resources) have started to severely impact agricultural livelihoods in many regions.

Agricultural transformations: climate change adaptation and farmer decision making, Toward a collaborative model of surface water management: An investigation of soybean aphid ecology and management in the context of agricultural sustainability.

West Africa has been identified as a climate-change hotspot, with climate change likely to lessen crop yields and production, with resultant impacts on food security. Southern Africa will also be. Joan Mwihaki Nyika, Understanding Water-Food-Energy Nexus in the Climate Change Era and the Roadmap to Implementation in South Africa, Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Aquaculture, /ch, (), ().

Gender and Climate ChanGe afriCa Gender, climate change and food security 2 Policy brief 4 Agriculture is central to the livelihoods of women It is now widely acknowledged that climate change impacts will not be gender-neutral.

This is evident from current experiences of extreme climatic events such as droughts and floods. The Effect of Climate Change on Water Resources and Programs Introduction The goal of this module is to educate water program managers, as well as the general public, on the expected effects of climate change on water resources and water programs.

This knowledge will help us to prepare for and adapt to the effects of climate change. These ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation have led to improved management of more t acres of biologically significant land.

In the forestry sector, USAID supports the Government of Malawi’s adherence to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, or REDD+, an international effort to reduce.

What can agriculture do to address water scarcity in the context of climate change, while ensuring food and nutrition security. What responses can the agriculture and food sectors offer to alleviate the impacts – and reduce the risks – of water scarcity.

These questions were at the center of the Agriculture and Food Security Action Day during the COP22 summit in Marrakesh in November. Due to population growth, urbanization, and climate change, competition for water resources is expected to increase, with a particular impact on agriculture. and how it can be repositioned in the broader context of overall water resources management and water security.

Moreover, irrigation and drainage schemes, whether large or small. To be effective, climate change adaptation needs to be mainstreamed across multiple sectors and greater policy coherence is essential. Using the cases of Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia, this paper investigates the extent of coherence in national policies across the water and agriculture sectors and to climate change adaptation goals outlined in national development plans.

A two-pronged. When countries act on climate change, they will also benefit from clean air and water, healthy oceans, resilient cities, sustainable food and agriculture systems. The Bank has supported the governments of Mexico and Colombia to adopt carbon taxes, which maximize synergies between air pollution management and climate change mitigation.

The second of three books in IFPRI's climate change in Africa series, East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis examines the food security threats facing 10 of the countries that make up east and central Africa - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda - and explores how climate change will.

Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale, with the adverse effects of climate change affecting agriculture both directly and indirectly.

This can take place through changes in average temperatures, rainfall, and climate extremes (e.g., heat waves); changes in pests and diseases; changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide and ground-level.

Program/Project Management Consultancy in Senegal about Climate Change and Environment, Disaster Management and Water Sanitation Hygiene, requiring years of experience, from IOM; closing on   Climate change is affecting the most vulnerable in Zimbabwe.

But while it’s strong, there’s something more powerful: the voices and the will of the people of Zimbabwe who want change and are working hard to make it, despite obstacles. This is their story. This book discusses the causes and effects of crisis and conflict within an agricultural and rural context.

It explores issues such as competition over resources, and looks at how crisis and conflict impact upon developing country agriculture for both the physical and human agricultural landscape. It reviews crises stemming from politically-driven violence, natural disasters and.In addition, extreme weather events, associated with climate change may cause sudden reductions in agricultural productivity, leading to rapid price increases.

For example, heat waves in the summer of led to yield losses in key production areas including: Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, and contributed to a dramatic increase in the price.The stress on our water environment as a result of increased industrialization, which aids urbanization, is becoming very high thus reducing the availability of clean water.

Polluted water is of great concern to the aquatic organism, plants, humans, and climate and indeed alters the ecosystem. The preservation of our water environment, which is embedded in sustainable development, must be well.

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